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Caspian Solution

It is the only natural product known to cure A.F.B.It also allows for queen introduction into the hive throughout all seasons, with a nearly 100% rate of success. It contains pheromones, stimulating the bees to consume over normal amounts of pollen, resulting in greater amounts of jelly produced, therefore increasing brood production.

Caspian Solution: Ingredients

 1. Royal jelly

2. Pheromones

3. Irradiated bee pollen


How Caspian Solution works...

A combination of drone and larval pheromones along with royal jelly are the key ingredients within Caspian Solution. Boosting the level of pheromones present in the hive stimulates the bees to consume large amounts of pollen and honey, and therefore stimulates the hypopharyngeal and mandibular glands to produce large amounts or worker and royal jelly. This powerful effect gives the Caspian Solution many uses.

Typical quantity of worker jelly from a three frame nuc of New Zealand package bees fed with Caspian Solution in the presence of pollen cake and sugar syrup.

Recipe for Caspian Solution

To make 10L of Caspian Solution (Cost: $1/litre)

30g dry Caspian Solution powder

8L mixed syrup (2 parts sugar to 1 part water)

60g pollen

60g honey

1.2L warm water



To make 2 US gallons of Caspian Solution. (Cost: $4/gallon)

1 oz. dry Caspian Solution

1.5 gal mixed syrup (2 parts sugar to 1 part water)

5 oz. pollen

5 oz. honey

0.25 gal warm water

Note: Increasing the quantity of pollen or honey will not have any side effects on the effectiveness of the Caspian Solution. These ingredients are present to facilitate the delivery of the pheromone and royal jelly to the bees’ digestive system and kick start the digestion of protein.

 

Method

Add the Caspian Solution into the warm water and then mix in the pollen and honey. Mix well before adding this mixture into the mixed syrup. For best results feed Caspian Solution directly into empty comb, filling up the cells.  This is especially useful in cold climates.  Some of the solution can be poured in between the frames, lightly coating the bees and giving a calming effect.

 

 

Caspian Solution Improves:

1.0 Queen production

1.1 Queen cell production

1.2 Queen introduction 12 months per year

1.3 Drone production

1.4 Queen mating

2.0 Increasing brood production and worker jelly production.

3.0 Royal jelly production

4.0 Combining populations of bees 12 months per year

5.0 Bacterial and metabolism disease control including; AFB, EFB, bacillus cereus, protozoa, nosema apis, nosema ceranae and other amoeba

6.0 Genetic selection

6.1 Larvae method for genetic selection

6.2 Queen cell method for genetic selection

 

 

1.0 Queen Production

1.1 Queen cell production

There are four main problems with cell production. These are; dry larvae, old larvae, protein deficiency in cell builder colonies, and metabolism disease (Nosema/protozoa/amoeba) in cell builder colonies.

Dry larvae can be avoided by feeding Caspian Solution to the grafting hive 24 hours before grafting. This allows grafting of the smallest larvae possible because of such high jelly levels in the grafting hive.

Protein deficiency in cell builder colonies affects royal jelly production. Royal jelly production in the cell builder colonies is governed by the bees’ level of protein consumption. Higher pheromone levels within the hive lead to higher consumption of proteins. The royal jelly within Caspian Solution contains the necessary pheromones to stimulate the consumption of proteins at the apiarist’s will, leading to large quantities of royal jelly production. The result is highly fed queen cells and large bodied queens with fully developed immune systems. This is a key building block for a healthy profitable hive.

Typical queen cells raised in a concentrated 10 frame population with no natural nectar or pollen source. Cell raisers fed pollen cake, 66% sugar syrup and Caspian Solution.

Using Caspian Solution for queen cell production

When using a grafting hive with five frames of population and one frame of larvae, feed the hive 1L (0.25) gal of Caspian Solution 24 hours before grafting. This will ensure the larvae cells are full of jelly. In most cases, the queen cells will be capped three to five days after grafting.

For a ten frame cell-builder hive, use 6L (1.5 gal) of Caspian Solution in total. Use 1L (0.25 gal) in the cell builder the day before grafting and 1L (0.25 gal) every day after for five more days. It is recommended to add the Solution into the comb for most effective use.

1.2 Queen introduction 12 months per year

The two main reasons why bees do not accept new queens are protein deficiency and a high level of existing larvae pheromone due to a high level of larvae in the brood. Queenless hives have very low queen pheromone levels and protein consumption slows dramatically. Bees become highly sensitive to differences in larvae pheromones and those of the introduced queen, especially when high levels of larvae are present in the brood.

Caspian Solution addresses these problems by forcing bees to consume huge amounts of pollen and honey. Highly fed bees become so focused on producing jelly to raise brood that they will accept any queen, regardless of any difference in larvae and queen pheromones. This results in over 97% queen acceptance. Queen acceptance over 99% can be achieved if the queen cage is placed in the queen-less hive on the second or third day and the queen released on the sixth day.

Using Caspian Solution for queen introduction

Minimum feeding: 4L (1 gal) over a week. More Caspian Solution can be fed, as the bees will use any excess for brood production. Maximum feeding: as much as bees will consume.

IMPORTANT: Pollen and syrup or honey must be present when feeding Caspian Solution. Without protein, nurse bees will use their own body protein to raise brood, having a devastating effect on the colony.

1.3 Drone production

In normal conditions, due to protein deficiency, more than 60% of the drones do not produce semen. If over 80% of the drones do not produce semen or produce only a low amount of semen, supersedure will likely result.

The pheromone present in Caspian Solution stimulates the bees to consume extraordinary amounts of protein. This in turn stimulates production of highly fed, virile drones.

Using Caspian Solution for drone production

Remove all worker larvae leaving only capped worker brood and feed 2L (0.5 gal) over a one week period. Add drone comb so that the drone mother can lay drone eggs.

The drone brood frame can be left in the drone mother hive or removed and given to a surrogate hive to be raised. If drone brood is removed the surrogate hive must be fed with 2L (0.5 gal) Caspian Solution over a one week period to produce highly fed, virile drones. The process can be repeated weekly.

Note: This recipe is for the time of the year when there is no natural drone production.

IMPORTANT: Pollen and syrup or honey must be present when feeding Caspian Solution. Without protein, nurse bees will use their own body protein to raise brood, having a devastating effect on the colony

1.4 Queen mating

Queen mating is a key building block in creating a healthy, productive colony. The four main causes of poor queen mating are; bad weather, poor nutrition in the father line hives and/or mating hives during the mating period, to fewer drones and immature drones.

The first of these variables is out of the apiarist’s control. However, mating nuc nutrition is not. When Caspian Solution is fed in hot weather queens are stimulated to fly between 6-8 days after emergence and mate.

This is due to extremely high protein levels, causing virgins to fly sooner. In a protein deficient mating nuc the queen is not fed well enough and cannot develop the strength to fly far enough and for long enough to mate with multiple drones.

Using the Caspian solution for queen mating

To feed 40 mini nucs. Add 15ml (0.5 oz) lemon juice to 4L (1 gal) of Caspian Solution fed between 12-2pm on a sunny day when virgin is 6-8 days. If the weather is cloudy and cool, use any sunny day between 6-20 days old.

2.0 Increasing brood production and worker jelly production

Caspian solution stimulates the bees to consume large quantities of pollen and in turn produce and feed large quantities of worker jelly. Because nutrition levels are so high the queen is stimulated to lay large quantities of eggs. This however is only part of increasing brood production. Without proper feeding a percentage of those eggs will not become long-lived adult bees. When feeding Caspian Solution, over 98% of eggs are grown out to long-lived healthy adult bees. (This is assuming the genetics are capable of digesting sufficient protein and a well mated queen is present).

Furthermore, when Caspian Solution is fed to the hive, the first generation may hatch in 19-20 days rather than 21 due to the extra jelly production.

These three factors result in a rapid build up of high nutrition, long lived bees with fully developed immune systems.

Bees fed with Caspian Solution are highly stimulated to consume pollen cake to raise brood.

In severe conditions, when a colony has been protein deficient for a long time, bees use their body protein to feed the larvae. Furthermore, the queen does not receive enough royal jelly and the semen stored in her spermatheca will be negatively affected. Once this happens supersedure will likely occur. In this condition bees do not live for very long, a lot of larvae will be discarded from the colony. The remaining larvae will be dry and mal-nourished. Sometimes in this situation symptoms similar to EFB will show.

Using Caspian Solution for increased brood production

Minimum feeding: of 0.5L (1 gal) per 10 hives (5-7 frame population) once a week. For fastest results feed as much Caspian Solution as bees can consume.

IMPORTANT: Pollen and syrup or honey must be present when feeding Caspian Solution. Without protein, nurse bees will use their own body protein to raise brood, having a devastating effect on the colony.

3.0 Royal jelly production

Because the pheromones in Caspian Solution stimulate bees to consume larger than normal amounts of protein, the bees are perfectly prepared to produce large quantities of royal jelly.

The apiarist then has the option to utilize this capacity to produce royal jelly for queen production or human consumption.

Using Caspian Solution for royal jelly production

Minimum feeding: 1L (0.25 gal) per 10 frame pop per day. Maximum feeding: as much as bees can consume due to other benefits.

IMPORTANT: Pollen and syrup or honey must be present when feeding Caspian Solution. Without protein, nurse bees will use their own body protein to produce royal jelly, having a devastating effect on the colony.

4.0 Combining populations of bees 12 months per year

Bees from different colonies fight when mixed together due to the differing queen and larvae pheromones in their original colonies. Mixing and combining populations at any time of the year becomes possible when colonies are fed Caspian Solution for the same reason queens are readily accepted in colonies fed with Caspian Solution. The pheromones in the Caspian Solution stimulate the bees to consume large amounts of protein. Bees in this state become so focused on creating jelly to raise either brood or queen cells they will readily accept bees from different populations with different pheromones.

In natural circumstances we see this only in spring because of the high levels of natural pollen. Caspian Solution will still benefit in this situation by stimulating bees to consume pollen more than any natural levels of stimulation can.

Using Caspian Solution for combining populations of bees 12 months per year

Minimum feeding: 2L (2 US quarts) over five days per 10 frames of population. Maximum feeding: as much as bees can consume due to other benefits.

IMPORTANT: Pollen and syrup or honey must be present when feeding Caspian Solution. Without protein, nurse bees will use their own body protein to raise brood, having a devastating effect on the colony.

5.0 Disease control

To make 50L of Caspian Solution

150g dry Caspian Solution powder

40L mixed syrup (2 sugar to 1 water)

300g pollen

300g honey

6L warm water

4g registered antibiotics AFB/EFB

Recommended dosage for fumigilan for Nosema/Amoeba

Note: Recipe has the same ratios for queen production & queen introduction, but with Fumagilin-B and registered antibiotics added in.

To make 10 US gal of Caspian Solution.

5 oz. dry Caspian Solution powder

7.5 gal mixed syrup (2 sugar to 1 water)

10 oz. pollen

10 oz. honey

1.25 gal warm water

0.25 oz registered antibiotics AFB/EFB

Recommended dosage for fumigilan for Nosema/Amoeba

Note: Recipe has the same ratios for queen production & queen introduction, but with Fumagilin-B and registered antibiotics added in.

Using Caspian Solution when medicating stimulates the bees to feed the anti-biotic directly to the larvae rather than storing it, as is the case with syrup. This means a much lower dose of antibiotic can be used because 100% of the anti-biotic is fed to the larvae, not stored in the comb.

This feature also enables feeding throughout the season when larvae levels, and therefore spore germination rates, are at their peak. Official information regarding AFB control recommends treatment late in the season. The problem is, at the end of the season larvae levels are low, so the bulk of the disease is in the non-active spore form and therefore the antibiotics are less effective.

Caspian Solution, in conjunction with registered antibiotics, can be used for the treatment of AFB, EFB, Nosema apis, Nosema ceranae, and amoeba diseases all at the same time.

Nosema apis, ceranae, amoeba and protozoa stop the consumption of proteins in the digestive system stopping the bee from absorbing the nutrients in order to keep the proteins available for the bacteria to germinate and increase.

Caspian solution stimulates the bees to consume large amounts of pollen and honey and in doing so the bees ingest huge numbers of spores from the above diseases. When worker jelly is generated and fed to the brood, these spores germinate and are then treatable by registered antibiotics. Because of the large spore ingestion and germination fumigilin-B can be 100% effective on non-active amoeba and protozoa.

AFB infection levels treatable with Caspian Solution in conjunction with registered antibiotics.

Using Caspian Solution for disease prevention and treatment

Prevention of AFB, EFB, nosema apis, nosema ceranae, protozoa and other amoeba.

In a five frame populated hive: Feed 1 pt of the above mixture twice within one week.

Treatment of EFB

In a five frame populated hive: Feed 1 pt of the above mixture twice within one week.

Treatment of nosema apis, nosema ceranae, protozoa and other amoeba

Send a sample to the lab to determine nosema spore levels and level of other protozoa and amoeba. If access to a laboratory is not available, feed 1 pt of the above mixture twice to a five frame population within one week and repeat this treatment before the end of the season.

6.0 Genetic selection

The two major factors affecting genetic selection are genetics and the environment. The term environment refers to all variables not relating to the genetic line. For example, drift, hive colour, differing hive nutrition levels etc. The environment has much more influence on selection than genetics, often giving a false impression of the genetic quality.

By feeding Caspian Solution, protein consumption increases to the highest levels possible meaning the nutrition aspect of the environment is controlled for. The beekeeper can control other environmental variables such as drift, age of queen and population size leaving one variable to be selected for, genetics. For example, feeding Caspian Solution to a hive with five frames of population will enable the bees to feed large quantities of jelly to the larvae. If the larvae then show signs of chalk brood, it cannot be low nutrition, but poor genetics.

6.1 Larvae method for genetic selection

This method selects the genetic line that is superior at producing worker jelly and raising brood to full maturity.

It is extremely important to control all of the environmental variables for this method of selection to be effective. For example, hives used in the selection program should be located in a manner that the bees from one hive will not drift to another creating a higher population to feed the brood.

Separate a queenless 10-frame populated hive and give it four frames of genetically different larvae. Feed a minimum of 3 days before 0.5 gal of medicated (fumigillin) Caspian Solution per hive. Repeat same amount upon larva introduction plus a full frame feeder of 66% syrup. When the larvae become capped, remove the frames and introduce four new frames of larvae. Repeat this process a third time. If full control of all environmental variables has been achieved the only variable remaining is genetics. Poor genetics can cap only 60% of the larvae on the first round and 10% for the second round. Good genetics can cap up to 95% of the larvae the first round, 65% the second round, and 30% for the third round.

The colony that raises more brood to the capped stage can consume and digest more protein and in turn produce more worker jelly. The ability to produce more worker jelly and therefore raise healthier brood is the foundation for long-lived, highly productive worker bees.

6.2 Queen cell method for genetic selection

This method selects the genetic line that is superior at producing royal jelly and raising queen cells to full maturity.

Follow the process for the larvae method of genetic selection but introduce grafted queen cells instead of worker larvae. On the fifth day after introduction remove capped queen cells and introduce new queen cells. Repeat 2-3 times. The hive/s that raise the most queen cells for each introduction show the highest ability to produce royal jelly and therefore the highest ability to consume and digest protein.

Using Caspian Solution for genetic selection program

Feed as much Caspian Solution as bees can consume. This will highlight the differences in pollen consuming ability between different genetic lines.