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Queen

Raising queens is an important aspect of beekeeping. There are three main problems in raising queens: using old larvae, using dry larvae and providing poor nutrition during the raising of the queen. Each of these conditions causes serious problems when the resultant queens start to lay eggs. First, many of the new queen’s eggs will not hatch after three days. Second, the colony cannot create solid brood. Third, the bees from these weak queens will have short lives. Fourth, the colony will supercede the queen at the first opportunity. If breeders and beekeepers do not have a proper nutritional methodology the queen larvae will not receive enough jelly in the first two days. Healthy queen larvae require high levels of royal jelly. Royal jelly production during queen rearing must be stimulated by the presence of pheromone and larvae. Many starter hives do not include these two factors, therefore, the bees have no reason to eat pollen and produce royal jelly. A starter colony must include proper levels of pheromone and sufficient numbers of larvae at least three days in advance of the grafting. A one-day-old graft must be covered in a large amount of jelly. A new method for queen rearing starts with a strong hive containing a queen, strong population and brood. The pupae and larvae are removed from this colony and the remaining population is fed a mixture of royal jelly, pheromone, pollen, honey, sugar and water. This population will produce large quantities of jelly because: they have a queen, until recently they had larvae, and the nutritional supplement provides an even greater stimulus to produce jelly.