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Bee Venom

Venom collection is one of the most difficult part of bee keeping process.

Apitoxin, or honeybee venom, is a bitter colorless liquid. The active portion of apitoxin is a complex mixture of proteins, which causes local inflammation and acts as an anticoagulant. The venom is produced in the abdomen of worker bees from a mixture of acidic and basic secretions. A honeybee can inject 0.1 mg of venom via its stinger. Bee venom has many commercial, medicinal and therapeutic applications. Among the growing list of uses, Bee Venom Therapy (BVT) has been used to treat arthritis, rheumatism, skin diseases, Lyme disease and chronic fatigue syndrome. Historically, collecting bee venom was a laborious and technical procedure, requiring skillful of handling of each individual bee. Recently, developments in electro-stimulation of worker bees have lead to a revolution in bee venom collection, allowing for large-scale commercial bee venom collection operations.

Caspian Apiaries continues to build on these advances with new techniques applied the electrostimulation process developed by Mihaly Simics (Simics, 1999). The key to these new developments is the use Caspian Solution™, a proprietary mixture of pheromones and bee pollen. In combination with electro-stimulation techniques, Caspian Apiaries is able to maximize the yield of bee venom in three ways: First, the techniques allow Caspian Apiaries to collect bee venom from up to 500 hives a day. Second, the use of Caspian Solution™ has been shown to increase the per colony yield of venom. Finally, the use of Caspian Solution™ in these techniques has also been shown to shorten the recovery period needed before a colony’s venom can be harvested again. By stimulating bees to release Nasamov pheromone, Caspian Solution™ mitigates the effects of the alarm pheromone released as a byproduct of the electro-stimulation. The pacifying effect of Caspian Solution™ makes the environment around the collecting device safer, as well as allows for the rapid re-deployment of electro-stimulation equipment to other colonies. This presentation will include a description of the techniques, including donor hive selection, proper parameters for the electro-stimulation, a working time-frame for efficient and scalable collection and the hygienic, collection, transportation, desiccation and storage of bee venom.